Just as the smokestack and the skyscraper symbolized a particular kind of economic development so did the corporate campus. These were all the rage for decades, groupings of commercial buildings deployed amid greenery and reached mainly by car. The corporate campus was chosen by high technology industries in particular with the example of Microsoft in Redmond, Washington known internationally. The corporate campus first took root near the larger, older centres and were eventually replicated all over North America. They seem to have served their owners well enough in their day, allowing firms to secure, centralize and rationalize their operations on greenfield sites beyond busy and expensive cities. They were seen as a way to control real estate and operational costs and as enhancers of corporate culture and performance. Some were plunked down in urban areas, others are suburban with yet others built in the middle of nowhere. Now the business campus has come in for a timely rethink. The idea going forward seems to be not to fully segregate places of work from places of residence. This reduces transportation costs and stress for workers which also goes a little lighter on the environment. The result is healthier and easier for everyone.
NYT piece looking at planning efforts in Hartford, CT which add residential uses to a large corporate office corridor
photo: JonRidinger via Wikimedia Commons