Heavy weather stories are often carried far and wide. And then are promptly dumped for some other easy-to-handle, self-contained media topic. Buffalo’s insane recent few days of lake effect snow has been a typical example. Impressive images of the speed and ferocity of the snow preceded features of the neighbours-helping-neighbours type. Then the news machine simply moves on. That’s why we liked this item on The Buffalo News.
See also: (421) Let it snow
Anti-poverty groups push for local living wage Windsor Star
Pretty much like they do everywhere else…
A push to give steadier shifts to part-timers New York Times
image: waiter wearing a mask in Taverne de Paris, St. Denis St., Montreal via Archives Canada
Sign of the Times is the recent project of a New York City artist/activist named Andres Serrano. Mr. Serrano went around the Big Apple asking to purchase the cardboard signs used by people begging in the street. The result is this: a rather profound short movie.
The point is that any approach to poverty worth anything requires creativity and respect.
image: via YouTube
Short features in response to the Brookings Institution’s new book Confronting Suburban Poverty have been accumulating steadily from all over America. This is one from just across the Canadian border in Buffalo, NY and it features a visit to a drop in centre.
Drop in centres provide court quality evidence of the existence of suburban poverty should anyone happen to need it. They are usually informal, volunteer- and donation-driven places where people exiting the middle class often have their first encounter with the realities of downward mobility. Located in ad hoc premises most of the time and frequently sponsored by religious organizations with or without a bit of official help they have formed a major component of many a community response to suburban poverty. They can be fairly powerful places despite their challenges.
Coffee-and-carbs, water and juice are usually on offer and there are efforts made at helping out with used clothing, food, bus tickets, footwear, meals, diapers, school supplies, household items. Referrals and all kinds of advice are their stock-in-trade. Drop in centres sometimes don’t look like much but when well run they can attract a surprising array of helpers and donations: everything from a no longer needed suit for a job interview to pizza leftover from a corporate meeting. Before long a good drop in centre becomes a focal point for a number of practical relationships and associations directly responding to immediate needs.
It can be stressful trying to maintain consistent levels of help to a large group of people in difficulty. Boundaries are challenged constantly, but amazing things happen in the drop ins and positive anecdotes grow fast, at times by the day. In moving past describing suburban poverty to relieving suburban poverty there could be worse things to do than strengthen the drop in centres.
image: post office building in Buffalo, NY by Pubdog via Wikimedia Commons
Boing Boing posted a link recently that led us to a New York Department of Transportation study that found that bicycles are good for business. Specifically, dedicated main street bikeways attract a steady stream of local spending in the form of shoppers. So that means bicycle infrastructure can be added not just to the fun-and-fitness file but to the economic development file. A two-wheeled tool for ameliorating poverty, keeping money in people’s pockets which they can spend locally, reducing environmental harm, …what kind of crack head mayor goes against that idea?
Bike lanes led to 49% increase in retail sales Cory Doctorow on BoingBoing
Do Cyclists Make Better Customers?
A Portland, OR blogger looks at cycling and local retail where the issue is atmosphere and social opportunity as much as spending, with links through to a number of documents from Portland Bureau of Transportation.
What are the financial benefits of cycling?
See the large variety of links to reports on the economic considerations of cycling from the site of a Canadian cycling advocacy group’s site.
Occupy Albany sent a plastic shopping bag of fake money to the state legislature on Monday. Why? To demonstrate their concern that Wal-Mart lobbying will result in public money being transferred to the retailer as part of a compensation scheme for a recent increase in the minimum wage in New York. As a huge global employer, buyer and seller of things cheap, and a general feature of suburban existence, Wal-Mart has always been hard to ignore. This development has tremendous implications for their already wobbly public image. Are they so deeply in thrall to the lowest wages possible that this massive business feels compelled to seek public money because such horrible damage will be done to them by a wage increase? With all of their corporate clout and resources why can’t they come up with something other than a grudge about wages? Some half a million dollars in political contributions is thought to have resulted in the quiet inclusion of the compensation arrangement in the legislative process.
The increase in the NY minimum wage will be $2.25 over three years bringing the rate to $9.00 per hour. $2.25 divided by half a million dollars equals $222,222.22. Now, we know that New York is a big state for Wal-Mart, with 114 stores there according to the corporate web site, but wouldn’t that money buy them quite a few hours of labour at a slightly better minimum wage? Doesn’t the three years it takes to enact the increase give them some time to respond? Is there some other trick besides resistance to modest raises available to management? If this is the only mechanism available for running Wal-Mart aren’t they vulnerable to criticism and more innovative competition?
Are these naive question in the world of suburban poverty in North America in 2013?
A form of second class citizenship results from having a bad landlord. It is remarkably stressful for working people when a property owner is outside the law regarding the state of repair, provision of heat in winter, increases in rent, fire and electrical safety, lighting, ventilaton, crowding, cleaning, and snow removal reasonably expected by a rent paying tenant. Anecdotes about bad landlords and substandard/illegal apartments, particularly in the basements of houses designed for single family living, are never hard to come by. Students, immigrants, low income workers, the mentally ill and retired persons often find themselves in substandard housing because they are economically vulnerable. Exaggerated real estate values also compel property owners to consider shoddy installations of poor quality suites and basement apartments at least as much as simple greed does.
Even a casual use of Internet search terms such as “illegal apartments” followed by virtually any North American suburban place name yields a peek into a massive social change for the worse taking place in North America. This is true from Vancouver to Boston. Such a change represents the mainstreaming of substandard housing and is another feature of poverty associated with traditional urban social difficulty now fully rooted in suburbia.
To wit: Brampton, Ontario, Canada. In 1998 Brampton banned basement apartments. They were cited as unsafe and not appropriate to the single-family ideal of a fast-growing, low-density suburb. Basement apartments were said to be fire hazards that also bring an unwelcome increase in vehicle parking, create unplanned demand for schools, police, libraries, parks and garbage removal. Extra basement-dwelling tenants are even cited for lowering water pressure at certain times of day! There is truth in all these things but the story does not end there. Brampton is now thought to have about thirty thousand illegal basement apartments. Some houses have had such apartments for decades.
Brampton’s situation can hardly be unique. Suburbs all over North America are being forced to adapt to change. A basement apartment represents a cheap, unimaginative, fast, minimalist approach to keeping people housed. The single-family home-based suburb is obsolete. Super-sized monster homes and rooming houses encroach on moderate homes and the result is uneasy. Thing is, where is the alternative? We have barely begun to conceive of what it might look like.
Brampton, to the northwest of Toronto, has just over half a million people and is one of Canada’s fastest-growing communities. In the early 1970s much of it was still agricultural land. Older Queens, New York, home to more than two million, finds the issue of illegal apartments similarly tough. To crack down on all the illegal housing in Queens would make life harder for many tenants who need cheap, basic places to live. At the same time, the illegal units can be burdensome. They represent unsafe conditions, can be crowded, their owners are not paying proper taxes, and tenants may be exploited. What to do?
Housing: illegal conversions
Queens borough president official illegal conversion page
How about the introduction of the rule of law to basement land and substandard landlords? Respect for tenants is already enshrined in the law in Canada and the United States. Slack standards and a lack of inspection endanger people. We have the meltdown in the British and American banking systems to remind us that market-driven openness can be taken too far. A tenant is not a colony to be exploited, they are in a buiness reationship with their landlord. A little more balance at City Hall would help tenants get value for their money.
Landlords have rights and concerns yet many may be in a position to legalize and improve their suites with relative ease and at reasonable cost. Others will need to be shut down, tossed in jail even. The system must enforce existing, reasonable laws. After that, a little imagination and a lot of investment, public and private, should be leveraged to support good housing alternatives. Right now, it seems like North Americans can’t even imagine how to economically house themselves for a world of cultural changes, super storms, global warming, financial difficulty and energy scarcity. This will change one way or another.
image: Scott Forseman via Wikimedia Commons
The most represented place on suburban-poverty.com is the Greater Toronto Area. That makes sense – our office complex is located there. We didn’t expect to see so much of Vancouver. It’s a somewhat sleepy, expensive big city constantly rated highly by visitors and in global online media rankings of urban quality of life. Haven’t they been to Surrey lately? What’s with that Vancouver?
Chicago, Detroit, and London are probably present in reasonable proportion to their size. Paris, is not. We were rather struck by our minimal coverage of New York City.
With this ommission in mind we came across a detail rich map of poverty in Brooklyn, the largest of the five boroughs composing New York City. Brooklyn contains mature urban areas as well as suburbs and housing types of nearly every kind. Apparently you can spend $74 dollars on artisanal horseradish in Brooklyn or live below the poverty line on food stamps around the corner.
Tale of two worlds
NY Daily News
image: Williamsburg Bridge looking toward Brooklyn by Joeinbrooklyn via Wikimedia Commons
…and so we see that Sandy has affected New York City in ways differentiated by neighbourhood and class structure. Firstly, without electricity people cannot access benefit programs delivered via swipe cards. That puts bottled water, batteries, candles, food out of reach of many of the poor experiencing this emergency.
Word all over the Internet seems to be that working class suburbs have borne the brunt of the storm’s physical damage. AlterNet just posted a three page article gathering impressions from Staten Island, Red Hook, Breezy Point and Long Beach. Emergency aid and the restoration of services are simply not happening there as fast as they reasonably ought to be. It looks like a series of cold, mini-Katrinas edges New York City today.
photo: John Herve Barbie via Wikimedia Commons