An interesting piece about the new, high-concentration havens for immigrants outside traditional destinations nearer the core.
image: IQRemix via Flickr/CC
Public transit and housing in the GTA are still configured for regular jobs. If you are a precarious worker of odd hours compelled to live where you can afford to live, as opposed to where the employment is, things get awkward.
“…immigration and poverty are both now almost entirely suburban phenomena. And the suburbs aren’t as well suited to be the bottom rung on the ladder: they lack the population density, access to consumers, rapid transportation and small-business opportunities of the old arrival cities.”
Overqualification among recent university graduates in Canada
Statistics Canada – Insights on Canadian Society, April 2014. 13-page .pdf file.
See Table 3 on page 8 in particular.
Canada’s most recent social survey data became available this week. There is some concern that government meddling over the last few years will have reduced the general value of the National Household Survey which replaces the long-established long-form census, but the results are, as always, a source of interest to Canadians as a reflection of where the country is at. In terms of suburban social conditions the major finding of the newest census is the surge of visible minorities and immigrants. As indicated from anecdotal evidence newcomers to Canada are going directly to suburbs and, often times, suburban poverty. The roll call of communities hosting ever-growing communities of non-European origins is the roll call of suburban Canada: Burnaby, Surrey, Richmond, Markham, Newmarket, Scarborough, Richmond Hill, Brampton, Mississauga. Canada has taken on an aggressive policy of recruiting immigrants from all over the world in an effort to boost growth. How this jibes with wages, job creation and social programs to produce a particular standard of living for newcomers depends very much on one’s personal standpoint. Virtually all of Canada’s mass media outlets have carried coverage of the growth in numbers of newcomers alongside concerns about the fuzzy science imposed on Statistics Canada’s efforts and methods regarding the data.
National Household Survey In Brief Statistics Canada
The Toronto Star also recently mapped the places in Greater Toronto that newcomers go to. Suburban areas are heavily featured.
Struggling Malton immigrants tell the story of changing Peel Mississauga.com
We had hoped to provide links to more academic papers regarding suburban poverty and related topics by now. These papers, and the journals and institutions that publish them can pose payment and access issues at times for general internet users. These important documents, research efforts from academics who do the detailed, heavy lifting when it comes to understanding the world around us, will get more attention in future postings.
An example is the item linked below. It approaches the under representation of visible minority newcomers in the shelter system in Canada. It has been assumed that this reflects a strategy of residential crowding based on family and ethnic connections.
The paper is from Canadian Studies In Population 38, No. 1–2 (Spring/Summer 2011), pages 43–59. The author, Micheal Haan of the University of Alberta, asks if this observation represents a “hidden homelessness.”
Does immigrant residential crowding reflect hidden homelessness?
photo: See Ming Lee via Wikimedia Commons
Lower mainland British Columbia has seen pockets of poverty arising in the suburbs (Burnaby, Richmond, Coquitlam, Surrey) while pockets of increased wealth have appeared in the downtown east side. The latter notorious for the worst social conditions in Canada for as long as anyone can remember. As is increasingly found in the United States recent immigrants are tending to go directly to suburban areas and suburban poverty. This item from the Globe & Mail gives the details. Did you know that Coquitlam got its first permanent homeless shelter this year?
photo: Surrey, BC via Wikimedia Commons